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Hillsborough among top counties in Florida for STDs, health data shows



TAMPA, Fla. (WFLA) — Chlamydia, gonorrhea, three types of syphilis. These bacterial diseases are all curable. But data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows in the past 10 years, the frequency of infection has only gone up, even as condom sales have risen and safe sex tips are provided by health officials.

In Florida, the prevalence of sexually transmitted disease infections have increased dramatically, mainly among the young. For those aged 15 to 24, the trend holds for the whole of the United States.

So which counties in Florida have the highest STD infection rates?

The Florida Department of Health’s Health Charts data site only has confirmed infection statistics through 2020. The data goes back for years, showing the rise and fall of STI rates over time, by county and in the state overall.

As of 2020, Miami-Dade County is the bacterial infection capital of the state, with the largest number of infections outright. However, when it comes to the rate, or number of infections per 100,000 residents, Gadsden County is the winner, as far as infection density.

When it comes to total infection numbers across all age groups, here are the top five Florida counties, according to the health department.

  1. Miami-Dade County: 20,677 bacterial STD infections
  2. Broward County: 16,702 bacterial STD infections
  3. Orange County: 13,724 bacterial STD infections
  4. Duval County: 12,852 bacterial STD infections
  5. Hillsborough County: 12,727 bacterial STD infections

No other counties had infection numbers above 8,000 that year.

Nationally, the CDC reported that by the end of 2020, cases of gonorrhea and both primary and secondary syphilis had risen 10% and 7%, respectively, compared to the year before.

That same year, report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ranked all 50 states by how common different venereal, or sexually transmitted diseases are, among state populations. Florida ranked No. 10 for syphilis. The federal health agency said preliminary data from 2021 shows the issue is not going away, but is instead, spreading.

According to the FDOH data, here are Florida’s 2020 county infection rates. The infection rates are number of cases per 100,000 residents.

Location Bacterial STDs Overall infection rates Chlamydia Gonorrhea Syphilis (All Types)
Florida 15,2059 702.7 99,229 40,483 12,335
Alachua 3,619 1,338.4 2,519 945 154
Baker 172 601.7 120 43 9
Bay 1,045 594.5 731 266 48
Bradford 181 628.1 123 49 9
Brevard 3,094 512.1 2,032 842 220
Broward 16,702 858.2 10,081 4,483 2,137
Calhoun 89 597.6 62 26 1
Charlotte 474 255.7 364 88 22
Citrus 545 363.9 403 126 16
Clay 1,111 505.2 762 313 36
Collier 1,322 342.1 1,009 247 65
Columbia 620 877.0 403 196 21
Miami-Dade 20,677 721.8 12,426 5,135 3,115
DeSoto 178 489.2 128 47 3
Dixie 92 550.8 64 27 1
Duval 12,852 1,299.8 7,838 4,306 707
Escambia 3,549 1,093.3 2,230 1,216 102
Flagler 436 382.3 314 104 18
Franklin 45 368.0 30 7 8
Gadsden 729 1,573.0 443 259 27
Gilchrist 78 432.7 56 19 3
Glades 71 536.7 63 8 0
Gulf 77 523.2 44 25 8
Hamilton 175 1,197.2 128 39 8
Hardee 187 678.2 133 51 3
Hendry 274 675.0 220 47 7
Hernando 713 371.0 531 140 42
Highlands 464 44.5 317 128 19
Hillsborough 12,727 859.3 8,173 3,623 930
Holmes 141 698.6 84 51 6
Indian River 712 450.0 464 213 35
Jackson 449 951.9 271 151 27
Jefferson 120 809.1 72 40 8
Lafayette 37 424.3 28 6 3
Lake 1,648 446.8 1,119 431 98
Lee 4,446 587.4 3,100 1,137 209
Leon 4,480 1,490.8 2,962 1,293 224
Levy 344 826.2 264 73 7
Liberty 75 854.8 58 17 0
Madison 183 950.5 120 60 3
Manatee 2,288 575.3 1,452 673 163
Marion 2,169 590.6 1,408 649 111
Martin 459 285.1 364 69 26
Monroe 230 301.5 172 39 19
Nassau 333 381.1 223 98 11
Okaloosa 1,475 721.9 964 455 56
Okeechobee 161 381.6 122 30 9
Orange 13,724 962.0 9,179 3,299 1,245
Osceola 2,419 623.2 1,736 488 195
Palm Beach 7,801 530.7 5,667 1,587 547
Pasco 2,444 452.8 1,745 584 115
Pinellas 6,105 618.9 3,985 1,646 474
Polk 5,306 750.3 3,610 1,451 244
Putnam 684 932.5 456 202 26
St. Johns 784 294.6 616 145 23
St. Lucie 1,692 534.4 1,210 398 84
Santa Rosa 675 367.6 472 173 30
Sarasota 1,472 338.5 1,019 358 95
Seminole 2,472 514.6 1,730 591 151
Sumter 262 196.5 178 64 20
Suwannee 276 599.6 190 78 8
Taylor 156 688.6 95 55 6
Union 130 839.1 78 26 26
Volusia 2,850 521.4 1,785 832 233
Wakulla 182 545.0 135 37 10
Walton 383 528.1 241 130 12
Washington 194 768.3 108 49 37
(Source: Florida Department of Health)



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