Politics

Crypto comes to Washington. Will the millions buy influence?

WASHINGTON – Erin Houchin braced for the worst when a mysterious, well-financed workforce began purchasing tv advertisements final month in her extremely aggressive southern Indiana congressional race.

Houchin assumed she would face a adverse blitz, like the one who beaten her in 2016 when she ran for a similar seat. But, if truth be told, the other took place.

American Dream Federal Action, an excellent PAC financed via a cryptocurrency CEO, saturated the district with advertisements selling Houchin as a “Trump Tough” conservative who would “stop the socialists in Washington.” That push helped protected her win final week in a Republican number one.

“All you’ll do is grasp your breath,” Houchin’s longtime consultant, Cam Savage, said of when they learned about the ad buy. “It could help you, but the fear is it will end you.” He added that Houchin had not sought the support and had no ties to the industry other than filling out a candidate survey from a cryptocurrency group.

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The impact of the unsolicited help shows how cryptocurrency tycoons are emerging as new power players in American politics. They are pouring millions of dollars into primary elections as they try to gain influence over members of Congress, Republican and Democrat, who will write laws governing their industry, as well as other government officials who are crafting regulations.

This year, for the first time, industry executives have flooded money into federal races, spending $20 million so far, according to records and interviews.

It’s a delicate but deliberate march by companies that by their very nature make money based in part on evading government attention.

In addition to campaign spending, more than $100 million has been spent lobbying around the issue since 2018 by crypto companies, as well as those who stand to lose if the industry goes mainstream, records show.

Following a well-worn path, they have retained former high-ranking officials, like Max Baucus, a one-time Democratic senator from Montana who chaired the Finance Committee.

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The push comes as the Biden administration and Congress not only consider new regulations but also set funding levels for agencies that will oversee them.

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said this week that financial regulators would soon release a report on the risks of cryptocurrency and other digital assets.

“Certainly there are many risks associated with cryptocurrencies,” she said during a hearing on financial stability Tuesday.

Officials are considering what consumer protections and financial reporting requirements to implement and how to crack down on criminals who take advantage of the anonymity offered by cryptocurrency to evade taxes, launder money and commit fraud.

“What do they want? They want no regulation, or they want to help write the regulation. What else is new?” requested Sen. Sherrod Brown, D-Ohio, an business critic.

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Cryptocurrencies are a digital asset that can be traded over the internet without relying on the global banking system. They’ve been promoted as a way for those with limited means to build wealth by investing in the next big thing. But they’re also highly speculative and often lack transparency, which substantially increases risk.

Jan Santiago, deputy director of Global Anti-Scam, an organization that helps victims of cryptocurrency fraud, said the industry has been reluctant to police bad actors.

“Unless it impacts their base line or public recognition, I don’t assume there’s any monetary incentive for them,” he said.

There are signs that crypto is going mainstream. Fidelity Investments, one of the nation’s largest providers of retirement accounts, announced earlier this month it will start allowing investors to put bitcoin of their 401(okay) accounts.

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At the same, government scrutiny is increasing.

The Securities and Exchange Commission unveiled a plan last week that would nearly double the size of its staff focused on cryptocurrency oversight. Days later, the Justice Department indicted the CEO of a cryptocurrency platform, alleging he orchestrated a “$62 million global investment fraud scheme,” which is among scores of civil and criminal crypto cases brought by federal authorities. Prosecutors say he promised generous returns but instead absconded with investors money.

Meanwhile, members of Congress and the administration have raised concerns that Russian oligarchs could turn to cryptocurrency to evade U.S. sanctions put in place when Russia invaded Ukraine.

But at least one lawmaker has been an active participant in promoting the allure of crypto riches.

Rep. Madison Cawthorn, R-N.C., touted a new crypto coin called “Let’s Go Brandon” — a phrase that has become conservative shorthand for a vulgar insult to Joe Biden. In one video posted to Twitter, Cawthorn appears alongside the cryptocurrency’s founder and emphatically declares, “This is going to the moon, baby,” while urging viewers to visit the coin’s website and “get on the train.”

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After an initial spike, it plunged in value and is now worth a small fraction of a penny, as first reported by the Washington Examiner.

Cryptocurrency advocates in Congress acknowledge problems but argue the roughly $2 trillion industry has matured.

“I’m confident that bitcoin protects consumers,” said Sen. Cynthia Lummis, R-Wyo., who has invested between $150,002 and $350,000 in the currency, according to her financial disclosure. “I’m not confident that all cryptocurrencies protect consumers. In fact, I’m willing to bet that the majority of those are fraudulent.”

Others believe concern over cryptocurrency fraud is overhyped.

“It can be an easy conclusion for people to say there’s so much fraud in that space,” stated Ashley Ebersole, a former SEC lawyer. “It’s makes headlines, but I don’t know that it’s a greater proportion.”

In Washington, Democrats have been far more hawkish than Republicans. “They had me at ‘Hello,’ so they don’t need to lobby me,” said Lummis, a Republican. “Democrats are another story.”

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Many cryptocurrency proponents lengthy antagonistic legislation. But lobbyists say that is now a settled debate and their present goal is to influence skeptics to not keep watch over too aggressively.

Perianne Boring, founding father of the Chamber of Digital Commerce, has been lobbying lawmakers and federal companies since 2017, looking to make the case for growing accounting requirements for cryptocurrency and different virtual property and to assist crypto corporations transform publicly traded firms.

“Because there are no standards, many businesses are hesitant to touch cryptocurrency,” said Boring, whose group has spent nearly $2 million lobbying the federal government.

Some lobbyists are hoping that a wave of campaign spending could help, much of it directed to Democratic primary races.

“Folks in crypto are, all of a sudden, happy to go to political fundraisers,” stated Kristin Smith, the manager director of the Blockchain Association. Smith, whose workforce has spent about $4 million on lobbying since 2018. She added, “The government could actually come in and really mess it up if we aren’t constructively engaging.”

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So the industry is pushing hard for certain candidates and that’s fostered sense of resentment among some Democrats. In suburban Atlanta, two members of the U.S. House, Democrats Carolyn Bourdeaux and Lucy McBath, are squaring off after their districts were merged during redistricting.

A super PAC called Protect Our Future, financed by Sam Bankman-Fried, the 30-year-old billionaire founder of the cryptocurrency exchange FTX, has spent about $2 million on ads supporting McBath, highlighting McBath’s support of Democratic policy priorities but saying nothing about cryptocurrency.

“They are not doing this out of the goodness of their heart. They are doing this because they want something. And that’s to avoid regulation,” Bourdeaux stated.

FTX and McBath’s marketing campaign didn’t reply to requests for remark. Protect Our Future, which plans to spend no less than an extra $10 million on number one campaigns, stated their expenditures don’t have anything to do with cryptocurrency legislation.

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“There are a number of factors that go into our endorsements, including voting history, policy platforms, viability as a candidate, and public service and professional experience,” the gang’s president, Michael Sadowsky, stated in a remark.

Crypto tremendous PACs are energetic in different marquee races, together with Pennsylvania’s Democratic Senate number one, the place a separate crypto workforce connected to Bankman-Fried spent $212,000 final week on advertisements backing John Fetterman, the state’s Democratic lieutenant governor who’s working for Senate. The advertisements say Fetterman gained’t “get schmoozed by lobbyists or bossed around by politicians.”

But general, the spending is on any such scale that it has generated questions concerning the business’s motives.

“It tells every Democrat that, if you have a primary, they could come in with $2 million. They are certainly making a point,” said Rep. Brad Sherman, D-Calif., a crypto critic who is chairman of the House Subcommittee on Investor Protection, Entrepreneurship, and Capital Markets. “You don’t need a good argument in Washington if you got a lot of well-paid lobbyists and a big PAC — you just need some sort of argument.”

Copyright 2022 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This subject matter will not be printed, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed with out permission.



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